Avances en la Valoración de Macroalgas del Género Ulva como Nutracéutico en Litopenaeus vannamei

L. Elizabeth Cruz-Suárez, Martha Nieto-López, Mireya Tapia-Salazar, Julián Gamboa-Delgado, Maribel Maldonado-Muñiz, David Villarreal-Cavazos, Denis Ricque-Marie

Resumen


Las algas marinas constituyen una fuente natural de antimicrobianos, antioxidantes, hepatoprotectores, inmunoestimulantes, minerales y prebióticos, que al ser suplementados (en forma de harina o extracto) como aditivos funcionales en alimentos para camarón pueden ayudar a promover la producción, la salud y aumentar la resistencia a enfermedades durante las diferentes etapas del cultivo (maduración, desarrollo larvario, engorda). El Programa Maricultura a través de su cuerpo académico ha promovido esta línea de investigación durante los últimos 3 años especialmente con el género Ulva. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar una breve revisión de los efectos funcionales que hemos comprobado in vivo e in vitro, tales como: efecto antivibrio, antioxidante, promotor de maduración y sobrevivencia larvaria, estimulador de respuesta inmune y remediador contra aflatoxicosis y la estimación de contribuciones nutricionales a partir de análisis isotópicos.

Palabras clave


ulvaceas, camarón blanco del Pacifico, nutrición, antioxidante

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Referencias


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    Programa Maricultura, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Dra. Lucía Elizabeth Cruz Suárez, Av. Universidad S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León, C.P. 66455 Email: elicruz@hotmail.com, lucia.cruzsr@uanl.edu.mx Teléfonos: 52 8183526380